Cancer Survival Statistics: References

Boer R, Ries L, van Ballegooijen M, Feuer E, Legler J, Habbema D. Ambiguities In Calculating Cancer Patient Survival: The SEER Experience for Colorectal and Prostate Cancer. Technical Report # 2003-05, Statistical Research and Applications Branch, National Cancer Institute 2003 ( [View PDF (PDF, 879 KB) ]

Brenner H, Hakulinen T. Advanced detection of time trends in long-term cancer patient survival: experience from 50 years of cancer registration in Finland. Am J Epidemiol 2002 Sep 15;156(6):566-77. [Full TextExternal Website Policy]

Brown CC. The statistical comparison of relative survival rates. Biometrics 1983;39:941-8. [View PreviewExternal Website Policy]

Cho H, Howlader N, Mariotto AB, Cronin KA.  Estimating relative survival for cancer patients from SEER using expected rates based on Ederer I versus Ederer II method. Surveillance Research Program, National Cancer Institute; 2011. Technical Report #2011-01. Available from: [View PDF (PDF, 638 KB) ]

Cronin KA, Feuer EJ. Cumulative cause-specific mortality for cancer patients in the presence of other causes: a crude analogue of relative survival. Stat Med 2000 Jul 15;19(13):1729-40. [View Abstract]

Cronin K, Mariotto A, Scoppa S, Green D, Clegg L. Differences Between Brenner et al. and NCI Methods for Calculating Period Survival. Technical Report # 2003-02, Statistical Research and Applications Branch, National Cancer Institute 2003 ( [View PDF (PDF, 504 KB) ]

Ederer F, Axtell LM, Cutler SJ. The relative survival rate: a statistical methodology. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 1961;6:101-21.

Howlader N, Ries LA, Mariotto AB, Reichman ME, Ruhl J, Cronin KA. Improved Estimates of Cancer-Specific Survival Rates From Population-Based Data. J Natl Cancer Inst 2010 Oct 20;102(20):1584-98. Epub 2010 Oct 11. [View Abstract]

Mariotto AB, Wesley MN, Cronin KA, Johnson KA, Feuer EJ. Estimates of long-term survival for newly diagnosed cancer patients: a projection approach. Cancer 2006 May 1;106(9):2039-50. [View Abstract]

Mariotto AM, Howlader N, Cho H, Feuer E. Cancer Survival From a Policy and Clinical Perspective. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 2014 Nov;49:145-282. [More information]

Marubini E, Valsecchi MG. Analysing Survival Data from Clinical Trials and Observational Studies. England: John Wiley & Sons; 1995, pp 331-61.

Schairer C, Mink PJ, Carroll L, Devesa SS. Probabilities of Death From Breast Cancer and Other Causes Among Female Breast Cancer Patients. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004;96:1311-21.

Last Updated: 02 Jan, 2020